Gum Arabic


Gum Arabic, also known as gum sudani, acacia gum, Arabic gum, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of the acacia tree, the Acacia Senegal Vachellia (Acacia) seyal.

Source of Arabic Gum

The Acacia Senegal tree grows all over Africa and even on the Indian subcontinent. Most of the world’s gum arabic, however, comes from Sudan, where a thick belt of Acacia Senegal trees stretches all across Sudan. Reportedly Sudan is the biggest exporter of gum arabic despite its tough extraction process.

Gum Arabic and Nutrition

It is used to prepare healthy meals and diet foods (especially slimming diets and diabetic diets) because it is rich in fiber. It also helps the body to get rid of toxins and waste. It is also very useful for kidney patients, failure and renal insufficiency. It helps to treat and cure kidney failure by reducing the proportion of urina in the blood. It also reduces glucose absorption rate, which in turn contributes to the treatment of diabetes. It also contains other health and therapeutic benefits for gastrointestinal patients. It can help treat burns and osteoporosis, acute diarrhea, and bleeding cessation, as well as vital hepatitis A, B and C.


Gum arabic has so many uses because of its polysaccharides and glycoproteins gives it the properties of a glue and binder that is edible. The biggest consumers of gum arabic are the food industry but its uses are varied.

  • Used as stabilizer, emulsifier and thickening agent in icing, filling, soft candy, chewing gum and other confectionery and to bind the sweeteners and flavorings in soft drinks. Sometimes is used in cocktails to prevent the sugar from crystallizing and providing a smooth texture.
  • Used as a binder for watercolor paint.
  • Used as a binder as it helps the glaze adhere to the clay before it is fired, and it also acts as a deflocculant, increasing the fluidity of the glaze.
  • Used it to make a colored photographic emulsion.
  • Used to protect and etch an image in lithographic processes. Gum is also essential to paper lithography, printing from an image created by a laser printer or photocopier.
  • Used as a water-soluble binder in fireworks.
  • Used as a binding agent.
  • Used to slow the rate of absorption of some drugs.


  • Pharmaceutical companies.
  • Fuel companies.
  • Pyrotechnic companies.
  • Photography companies.
  • Paint companies.
  • Food industry.
  • Ceramic industry.

Types & forms

  • We offer Gum Arabic Hashab (Acacia Senegal) which is used in the food industry, lithography, printing, and production of paint, production of glue and ink and even in the beauty industry.
  • Gum Arabic Talha (Acacia Seyal) which is used in printing, paint production, glue, soft drinks, medical industry (capsules shells), cosmetic and various industrial applications, such as viscosity control in ink and textile industries and more.

Specification Data Sheet

This Sudanese standard is formulated by the technical committee No.4 formed according to the administrative decree of the SSM0/1/A/Idated 18/8/01. It applies to gum talha from Acacia seyalvar. Seyal. On formulating this standard the committee has referred to international publications and works of Sudanese researchers on the subject.

Gum exporting process

  • Our gum is packed in 25kg or 50 kg poly propylene (PP) bags.
  • Then is loaded in 20 feet containers with up to 22 metric tons of the gum.
  • The minimum order quantity (20ft FCL) takes a period of 10 to 15 days to be on board of the vessel, this period varies depending on the quantity ordered.
  • The port of use is PORTSUDAN (SDPZU), with a possibility to re-export from other nearby ports.
  • Estimated time to reach the clients desired port depends on the shipping lines used and the destination to that port, usually varies between 2 to 8 weeks for the farthest destination.
  • The H.S code for the Arabic gum is 13012000 (*)
  • Payment terms and documents provided along with the shipment.
  • Sudanese Gum Arabic is exempted from the US sanctions against Sudan, and can be exported directly from PORTSUDAN using a special OFAC license.

(*) Need to be confirmed form each country customs authorities.

Weight 1000 kg

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